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    Trọn Bộ Bài Tập Thì Quá Khứ Đơn (Có Đáp Án)

    03.04.2022
    WElearn Wind
    5/5 - (1 vote)

    Thì quá khứ đơn là một trong những thì cơ bản, thường xuất hiện trong đề thi. Vì vậy, nếu không nắm chắc kiến thức, bạn sẽ rất khó để hoàn thành các bài tập cũng như bài thi. Hiểu được điều đó, Trung tâm gia sư WElearn đã tóm tắt kiến thức cơ bản về thì quá khứ đơn cũng như tổng hợp các bài tập thì quá khứ đơn để giúp bạn hiểu rõ hơn về thì này và học tốt môn tiếng Anh hơn. Cùng theo dõi nhé!

    >>>> Xem thêm: Gia sư môn tiếng Anh

    1. Tổng hợp kiến thức cơ bản

    1.1. Cách dùng thì quá khứ đơn

    • Diễn tả một hành động, sự việc đã xảy ra và kết thúc tại một thời điểm cụ thể hoặc mọt khoảng thời gian trong quá khứ
      Ví dụ: I was Japan last year
    • Diễn tả một hành động lặp đi lặp lại trong quá khứ.
      Ví dụ: He always enjoyed going swiming.
    • Diễn đạt các hành động xảy ra liên tiếp trong quá khứ
      Ví dụ: Peter went out, had diner, then came back home
    • Diễn đạt một hành động xen vào một hành động đang diễn ra trong quá khứ.
      Ví dụ: John was listening to music, his friend came
    • Diễn đạt hành động không có thật ở hiện tại trong câu điều kiện loại III.
      Ví dụ: If I were you, I wouldn’t buy this car

    1.2. Công thức

    • Động từ thường
      • (+) S + V-ed + O
      • (-) S + did not + Vinf + O
      • (?)Q: Did + S + Vinf + O? A: Yes, S + did hoặc No, S + didn’t
    Cấu trúc thì quá khứ đơn

    Cấu trúc thì quá khứ đơn

    • Động từ tobe
      • (+) S + was/ were + O
      • (-) S + was/were not + O
      • (?) Q: Was/Were+ S + N/Adj? – A: Yes, S + was/were hoặc No, S + wasn’t/weren’t

    1.3. Dấu hiệu nhận biết thì quá khứ đơn

    Để nhận ra động từ cần chia ở thì quá khứ đơn, bạn nên chú ý những từ sau có trong câu:

    • Yesterday: Hôm qua
    • Last night: Tối qua
    • Last week: Tuần trước
    • Last month: Tháng trước
    • Last year: Năm ngoái
    • Ago: Cách đây
    • At, on, in… + thời gian trong quá khứ
    • When + mệnh đề chia thì quá khứ đơn

    1.4. Các động từ quá khứ đơn

    • Ta thêm “-ed” vào sau động từ: Watch – watched / turn – turned/ want – wanted/ attach – attached/…
    • Động từ tận cùng là “e” -> ta chỉ cần cộng thêm “d”: type – typed/ smile – smiled/ agree – agreed
    • Động từ có MỘT âm tiết, tận cùng là MỘT phụ âm, trước phụ âm là MỘT nguyên âm -> ta nhân đôi phụ âm cuối rồi thêm “-ed”: stop – stopped/ shop – shopped/ tap – tapped/

    Ngoại lệ một số từ không áp dụng quy tắc đó: commit – committed/ travel – travelled/  prefer – preferred

    • Động từ tận cùng là “y”:
      • Nếu trước “y” là MỘT nguyên âm (a,e,i,o,u) ta cộng thêm “ed”. Ví dụ: play – played/ stay – stayed
      • Nếu trước “y” là phụ âm (còn lại ) ta đổi “y” thành “i + ed”. Ví dụ: study – studied/ cry – cried

    1.5. Cách phát âm ed

    Đọc là /id/ khi tận cùng của động từ là /t/, /d/
    Đọc là /t/ khi tận cùng của động từ là /ch/, /s/, /x/, /sh/, /k/, /f/, /p/
    Đọc là /d/ khi tận cùng của động từ là các phụ âm và nguyên âm còn lại

    Một số động từ bất quy tắc không thêm “ed”.

    Có một số động từ khi sử dụng ở thì quá khứ không theo quy tắc thêm “ed”. Dưới đây một số động từ bất quy tắc thường gặp 

    Động từ nguyên thể Động từ quá khứ

    bất quy tắc

    Nghĩa
    go went đi
    see saw thấy
    smell smelt người
    drive drove lái
    break broke vỡ
    tell told kể
    speak  spoke nói
    say said nói
    hold  held giữ
    keep kept nắm, giữ
    take took lấy
    understand understood hiểu
    know knew biết
    write wrote viết

    2. Các dạng bài tập thì quá khứ đơn

    2.1. Bài tập thì quá khứ đơn với tobe

    Bài tập 1: Điền vào chỗ trống để hoàn thành câu. Sử dụng was, were, wasn’t, werent

    1. Mom and Dad _____ at home yesterday. They were at the hospital.
    2. Yesterday was Monday. I ______ at school.
    3. ___ he free all day yesterday?
    4. The weather ___ nice. It was windy and rainy.
    5. I ______________ in Paris last month.
    6. Hoa and her friends  _________ tired last night.
    7. I __________with him yesterday.
    8. __________you at Lucy’s house yesterday? 
    9. He ____ not at school. He was at home. 
    10. ___ they happy last week? 

    Bài tập 2: Chọn đáp án đúng

    1. ___ you hot yesterday?
    2. Are
    3. Was
    4. Were
    5. It _____ very hot yesterday.
    6. is
    7. was
    8. were
    9. I ___ so happy yesterday.
    10. was
    11. were
    12. am
    13. Where ___ you now?
    14. Are
    15. Was
    16. Why ____ your brother sad last night?
    17. were
    18. is
    19. was

    Đáp án bài tập 1

    1. were
    2. was
    3. was
    4. was
    5. was
    6. were
    7. was
    8. were
    9. was
    10. was…wasn’t

    Đáp án bài tập 2

    1. C
    2. B
    3. A
    4. A
    5. A

    2.2. Bài tập thì quá khứ đơn với động từ thường

    Chia động từ phù hợp với từ trong ngoặc

    1. Yesterday, I (go)______ to the restaurant with a client.
    2. We (drive) ______ around the parking lot for 20 mins to find a parking space.
    3. When we (arrive) ______ at the restaurant, the place (be) ______ full.
    4. The waitress (ask) ______ us if we (have)________ reservations.
    5. I (say): “No, my secretary forgets to make them.”
    6. The waitress (tell)______ us to come back in two hours.
    7. My client and I slowly (walk) ______ back to the car.
    8. Then we (see) ______ a small grocery store.
    9. We (stop) in the grocery store and (buy) ______ some sandwiches.
    10. That (be) ______ better than waiting for two hours.

    Đáp án

    1. Yesterday, I went to the restaurant with a client.
    2. We drove around the parking lot for 20 mins to find a parking space.
    3. When we arrived at the restaurant, the place was full.
    4. The waitress asked us if we had reservations.
    5. I said, “No, my secretary forgets to make them.”
    6. The waitress told us to come back in two hours.
    7. My client and I slowly walked back to the car.
    8. Then we saw a small grocery store.
    9. We stopped in the grocery store and bought some sandwiches.
    10. That was better than waiting for two hours.

    2.3. Bài tập dạng chia động từ

    1. It was hard carrying the bags. They ….. very heavy. (be)
    2. I …. to school yesterday, because it was Sunday (not go)
    3. I was very tired, so I ….. the party early. (leave)
    4. The window was open and a bird ….. into the room (fly)
    5. My sister …… home late last night (come)
    6. ____ at my mom’s home yesterday. (stay)
    7. My holiday in Nha Trang last summer __
    8. wonderful. (be)
    9. We weren’t hungry, so we _ anything. (eat)
    10. I went to Thu’s house but she ___ at home. (be)
    11. We ___ about their holiday in Ho Chi Minh city. (talk)
    Bài tập tiếng ANh thì quá khứ đơn

    Bài tập tiếng ANh thì quá khứ đơn

    Đáp án

    1. were
    2. stayed
    3. didn’t go
    4. was
    5. left
    6. did not eat / didn’t eat
    7. flew
    8. was not / wasn’t
    9. came
    10. talked

    2.4. Bài tập dạng chọn từ thích hợp để điền vào chỗ trống

    cooked, didn’t have worked, wrote, slept, flew, was, came, travelled, were, went, ate

    1. My family ___ to The Great Pyramid of Giza by air last week.
    2. My friend __________to my home when I was sleeping.
    3. He was in a hurry, so he ___ time to phone you.
    4. It was hard carrying the bags. We ___very heavy.
    5. The window was open and a butterfly _________ into the room.
    6. She ______out with her boyfriend last night.
    7. Laura ___ a meal yesterday afternoon.
    8. Mozart

    more than 600 pieces of music.

    1. Gary ____

    chicken and rice for lunch.

    1. The bed was very comfortable so they ____ very well.

    Đáp án

    1. traveled
    2. went
    3. came
    4. cooked
    5. didn’t have
    6. wrote
    7. were
    8. ate
    9. flew
    10. slept

    2.5. Bài tập dạng đặt lại câu với thì quá khứ

    Đặt 5 câu Thì quá khứ đơn với các động từ sau:

    look, tobe, work, have, come

    Gợi ý

    1. I looked at her but she didn’t look at me.
    2. Yesterday was my birthday.
    3. My back hurts because I worked on the computer for too long.
    4. They had fun at the party last week.
    5. My friend came to my home when I was cleaning the floor.

    2.6. Bài tập dạng viết lại câu

    Viết lại câu sử dụng từ gợi ý đã cho:

    1. Yesterday/I/ see/ Jaden/ on/ way/ come home.
    2. What/ you/do/ last Monday/ You/ look/ tired/ when/ come/ our house.
    3. Minh/ not/ eat/ anything/ because/ full.
    4. cats/go/out/ him/ go shopping/They/ look/ happy.
    5. You and your classmates/not/study/lesson?
    6. It / be/ cloudy/ yesterday.
    7. In 1990/ we /move / to another city.
    8. when/you/get/ the first gift?
    9. She/ not/go/ to the church/five days ago.
    10. How/ be/ he/ yesterday?

    Đáp án

    1. Yesterday, I saw Jaden on the way I came home.
    2. What did you do last Monday? You looked tired when you came to our house.
    3. Minh didn’t eat anything because she was full.
    4. The cats went out with him to go shopping. They looked very happy.
    5. Did you and your classmates not study the lesson?
    6. It was cloudy yesterday.
    7. In 1990 we moved to another city.
    8. When did you get the first gift?
    9. She didn’t go to the church five days ago.
    10. How was he yesterday?

    3. Bài tập thực hành thì quá khứ đơn

    3.1. Bài tập cơ bản

    Bài 1: Bài tập chia động từ thì quá khứ đơn 

    1. I (eat)___________ dinner at six o’clock yesterday. 
    2. A: ___________ Helen (drive)___________ to work? – B: Yes, she ___________.
    3. My neighbor (buy)___________ a new car last week. 
    4. They (go)___________ to Italy on their last summer holiday. 
    5.  ___________ they (swim)___________ at the beach? – B: No, they __________.
    6. My family and I (see)___________ a comedy movie last night. 
    7. First, we (do)___________ exercise, and then we (drink)___________ some water. 
    8. Suddenly, the animal jumped and (bite)___________ my hand. 
    9. What time (do)___________ you (get up)___________ this morning? 
    10. The Wright brothers (fly)___________ the first airplane in 1903. 
    11. I think I (hear)___________ a strange sound outside the door one minute ago.
    12. When I was ten years old, I (break)___________ my arm. It really (hurt) __________. 
    13. The police (catch)___________ all three of the bank robbers last week. 
    14. How many times (do)___________ you (read)___________ that book? 
    15. Unfortunately, I (forget)___________ to (bring)___________ my money.

    Bài 2: Chuyển những câu dưới đây từ hiện tại đơn sang quá khứ đơn

    1. He goes to the swimming pool because he likes swimming.
    2. They have dinner at nine o´clock.
    3. Helen eats too many sweets.
    4. I buy the newspaper in the shop.
    5. We get up at eight o´clock and go to school
    6. Does she buy the newspaper in the shop over there? 
    7. Do they do their homework in the evening? 
    8. Do they have a good holiday? 
    9. Do they find any animal in the forest? 
    10. Is it dark when she gets up in the morning? 

    Bài 3: Chuyển những động từ bất quy tắc sau sang dạng quá khứ

    1. Be
    2. Become
    3. Begin
    4. Break
    5. Bring
    6. Build
    7. Buy
    8. Choose
    9. Come
    10. Cost

    3.2. Bài tập nâng cao

    Bài 1: Bài tập chia động từ quá khứ đơn

    On Friday, the children ___ (talk) about a day out together in the country. The next morning, they ___ (go) to the country with their two dogs and ___  (play) together. Ben and Dave ___ (have) some kites. Some time later the dogs  (be) not there. So they ___  (call) them and ____ (look) for them in the forest. After half an hour the children ____ (find) them and ___  (take) them back. Charlie ___  (be) very happy to see them again. At lunch time Nick ___ (go) to the bikes and ___ (fetch) the basket with some meat sandwiches. Then they ___  (play) football. Nick and Dave  ____ (win). In the evening they ___ (ride) home.

    Bài 2: Chuyển những câu sau sang câu phủ định và nghi vấn

    1. Nam wrote an essay in Literature class this morning.
    2. I watched TV yesterday morning.
    3. Nam and you were in the English club last Tuesday
    4. They ate noodles two hours ago.
    5. We always had a nice time on Christmas holiday in the past.
    6. My father decorated the Christmas tree.
    7. She bought a new dress yesterday.
    8. They were late for school.
    9. Mr.Tam took his children to the museum last Sunday.
    10. Hoa made a cushion for her armchair.

    Bài 3: Bài tập viết lại câu thì quá khứ đơn

    Hoàn thành câu sau đúng dạng thì quá khứ đơn

    1. It/ be/ cloudy/ yesterday.
    2. In 1990/ we/ move/ to another city.
    3. When/ you/ get/ the first gift?
    4. She/ not/ go/ to the church/ five days ago.
    5. How/ be/ he/ yesterday?
    6. and Mrs. James/ come back home/ and/ have/ lunch/ late/ last night?
    7. They/ happy/ last holiday?
    8. How/ you/ get there?
    9. I/ play/ football/ last/ Sunday.
    10. My/ mother/ make/ two/ cake/ four/ day/ ago.
    11. Tyler/ visit/ his/ grandmother/ last/ month.
    12. Joni/ go/ zoo/ five/ day/ ago.
    13. We/ have/ fun/ yesterday.
    14. My/ father/ not/ at the office/ the day/ before yesterday.

    4. Đáp án bài tập thực hành thì quá khứ đơn

    4.1. Đáp án bài tập cơ bản

    Bài 1

    1. ate 

    2. Did / drive / did 

    3. bought 

    4. went 

    5. Did / swim / didn’t 

    6. saw 

    7. did / drank 

    8. bit 

    9. did / get up 

    10. flew 

    11. heard 

    12. broke / hurt 

    13. caught 

    14. did / read 

    15. forgot / bring

    Bài 2

    1. He went to the swimming pool because he liked swimming.

    2. They had dinner at nine o´clock.

    3. Helen ate too many sweets.

    4. I bought the newspaper in the shop.

    5. We got up at eight o´clock and went to school.

    6. Did she buy the newspaper in the shop over there?

    7. Did they do their homework in the evening?

    8. Did they have a good holiday?

    9. Did they find any animal in the forest?

    10. Was it dark when she got up in the morning?

    Bài 3

    1. Was/ were
    2. Became
    3. Began
    4. Broke
    5. Brought
    6. Built
    7. Bought
    8. Chose
    9. Came
    10. Cost
    Thì quá khứ đơn

    Thì quá khứ đơn

    4.2. Đáp án bài tập nâng cao

    Bài 1

    1. talk
    2. went
    3. played
    4. had
    5. were
    6. called
    7. looked
    8. found
    9. took
    10. was
    11. went
    12. fetched
    13. played
    14. won
    15. rode

    Bài 2

    1. Nam didn’t write an essay in Literature class this morning. – Did Nam write an essay in Literature class this morning?
    2. I didn’t watch TV yesterday morning. – Did I watch TV yesterday morning?
    3. Nam and you were not in the English club last Tuesday – Were Nam and you in the English club last Tuesday?
    4. They didn’t eat noodles two hours ago. – Did they eat noodles two hours ago?
    5. We always didn’t have a nice time on Christmas holiday in the past. – Did we always have a nice time on Christmas holiday in the past?
    6. My father didn’t decorate the Christmas tree. – Did my father decorate the Christmas tree?
    7. She didn’t buy a new dress yesterday. – Did she buy a new dress yesterday?
    8. They were not late for school. – Were they late for school?
    9. Mr.Tam didn’t take his children to the museum last Sunday. – Did Mr.Tam take his children to the museum last Sunday?
    10. Hoa didn’t make a cushion for her armchair. – Did Hoa make a cushion for her armchair?

    Bài 3

    1. It was cloudy yesterday.
    2. In 1990, we moved to another city./ We moved to another city in 1990.
    3. When did you get the first gift?
    4. She did not go to the church five days ago./ She didn’t go to the church five days ago.
    5. How was he yesterday?
    6. Did Mr. and Mrs. James come back home and have lunch late last night?
    7. Were they happy last holiday?
    8. How did you get there?
    9. I played football last Sunday.
    10. My mother made two cakes four days ago.
    11. Tyler visited his grandmother last month.
    12. Joni went to the zoo five days ago.
    13. We had fun yesterday.
    14. My father was not at the office the day before yesterday./ My father wasn’t at the office the day before yesterday.

    5. Bài tập tổng hợp

    5.1. Bài 1

    Hoàn thành các câu bằng cách sử dụng các động từ sau ở dạng chính xác:

    (buy – catch – cost – fall – hurt – sell – spend – teach – throw -·write)

    1. Mozart …wrote….. more than 600 pieces of music.

    2 ‘How did you learn to drive?’ ‘My father . …………….. me.’

    3 We couldn’t afford to keep our car, so we …………… .. it.

    4 Dave ………………………………… down the stairs this morning and … . ………… ……………. his leg.

    5 joe ………………………………… the ball to Sue, who .. ….. .. .. .. .. …………… it.

     6 Ann ………. ….. a lot of money yesterday. She . … ……….. a dress which ……….. ….. .. ….. £100.

    5.2. Bài 2

    Hoàn thành các câu. Đặt động từ vào đúng dạng.

    1. lt was warm, so I ………. off my coat. (take)
    2. The film wasn’t very good. I .……….. it much. (enjoy)
    3. I knew Sarah was busy, so I …………………… ………………….. her. (disturb)
    4. We were very tired, so we . …………………. …………… the party early. (leave)
    5. The bed was very uncomfortable. I ………………………………………….. well. (sleep)
    6. The window was open and a bird ……………… ……….. ….. . into the room. (fly)
    7. The hotel wasn’t very expensive. lt .. ….. …. . …………. much to stay there. (cost)
    8. I was in a hurry, so I….. …. … .. ……… time to phone you. (have)

    9 lt was hard carrying the bags. They ………………………….. .. ……………. very heavy. (be)

    5.3. Bài 3

    Chọn đáp án đúng

    1. They __________ the bus yesterday.
    2. don’t catch       B. weren’t catch       C. didn’t catch     D. not catch
    3. My sister  __________ home late last night.
    4. comes                B. come                      C. came                 D. was come
    5. My father __________  tired when I __________ home.
    6. was – got          B. is – get               C. was – getted      D. were – got
    7. What __________ you __________ two days ago?
    8. do – do        B. did – did       C. do – did             D. did – do
    9. Where __________ your family __________ on the summer holiday last year?
    10. do – go        B. does – go               C. did – go       D. did – went

    5.4. Bài 4

    Bạn có cuộc nói chuyện với James về kỳ nghỉ của anh ấy. Viết câu hỏi của bạn để hoàn thành đoạn hội thoại dưới đây nhé:

    Hi. How are things?

    Fine, thanks. I’ve just had a great holiday.

    1. Where ….did you … go… ? To the U.S. We went on a trip from San Francisco to Denver.
    2. How …………… ………………………… . ? By car? – Yes, we hired a car in San Francisco.
    3. lt’s a long way to drive. How long. …………………… to get to Denver? – Two weeks.
    4. Where ………………. ? In hotels? – Yes, small hotels or motels.
    5. ………………………. good? – Yes, but it was very hot – sometimes too hot
    6. …………….. the Grand Canyon ? – Of course. It was wonderful.

    6. Đáp án bài tập tổng hợp

    6.1. Bài 1

    1. wrote
    2. taught
    3. sold 
    4. fell … hurt 
    5. threw .. . caught 
    6. spent … bought … cost

    6.2. Bài 2

    1. took
    2. didn’t enjoy
    3. didn’t disturb
    4. left
    5. didn’t sleep
    6. flew
    7. didn’t cost
    8. didn’t have
    9. wer

    6.3. Bài 3

    1. C
    2. C
    3. A
    4. D
    5. C

    6.4. Bài 4

    1. did you
    2. did you travel I did you go
    3. did it take (you)
    4. did you stay
    5. Was the weather
    6. Did you go to I Did you see I Did you visit

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